Political system is one of the subsystem of society, and play sufficient role in our life.
The term political system refers to a recognized set of procedures for implementing and obtaining the goals of a group.
Each society must have a political system in order to maintain recognized procedures for allocating valued resources. In political scientist Harold Lasswell's (1936) terms, politics is who gets what, when, and how. Thus, like religion and the family, the political system is a cultural universal, is a social institution, in every society.
We will focus on government and politics in the United States and other industrialized nations and preindustrial societies. In his study of politics and political systems, sociologists, the social interactions between individuals and groups and their influence on the political order of magnitude. For example, in studying the controversy over the nomination of Judge Robert Bork, sociologists might wish to focus on how changes in the structure of American society increasingly important black vote for the candidates of the Democratic Party of South affected decisions Howell Heflin and other senators (and, in the end, the battle confirm Bork). From a sociological point of view, therefore, the fundamental question of how the country's social conditions affect its day-to-day political and public life?
Political power is not divided equally among all members of society. As extreme, this inequality? Three theoretical perspectives answer this question in three different ways. First, Marxist theories suggest that power is concentrated in the hands of the few who own the means of production. Powerful capitalists manipulate social and cultural measures to further increase their wealth and power, often at the expense of powerless.